|タイトル||The Research Institute for Tropical Medicine and Zoonotic Diseases in the Philippines|
|演 者||Dr. Sheila Marie C. Esposo（MD DPSP, Research Institute for Tropical Medicine）|
|The Research Institute for Tropical Medicine is the main research arm of the Department of Health for prevention and control of infectious and tropical diseases. The RITM has vigorously pursued its research programs, built up its manpower and laboratory resources, established the expanded formal linkages with local and international institutions, and disseminated research results for application in control programs.
Several zoonotic diseases are being managed in the RITM and one of these is rabies. Rabies continue to be an important public health problem in the Philippines. Our country is one of the top 10 countries with rabies problem. It is responsible for the deaths of 200 to 300 Filipinos per year and prevention and control remain poor.
Second is Schistosomiasis, or bilharzia. It is a disease caused by a parasitic trematode worms of the genus Schistosoma. There are five species that are widely known to infect humans S. japonicum, S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. intercalatum, and S. mekongi. Among them, only one is found in the Philippines. Twelve regions in the country are endemic for schistosomiasis, affecting 28 of the 79 provinces, with 1,152 endemic villages in 169 municipalities. It is very common among farmers and fishermen. It is estimated that more than 200 million people are affected worldwide, and in the Philippines, it is one of the leading causes of morbidity.
And lastly, Leptospirosis, known as Weil's disease in man, can cause extremely serious liver and kidney disease but the transmission from dogs to humans is very rare. Humans usually contract this disease from exposure to contaminated water.
Keywords: RITM, rabies, schistosomiasis, Leptospirosis
|タイトル||The Regional Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (RADDL) in the Philippines|
|演 者||Dr. Joely T. Ongtangco（DVM, Chief of RADDL III, Department of Agriculture Regional Field Office III, Capitol Compound Sto. Nino City of San Fernando Pampanga Philippines）|
|The Regional Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory is under the agency of the Department of Agriculture. We have 13 RADDLs all throughout the Philippines (Region I to XIII , CAR and CARAGA).
The history of RADDL III. In 1986 the RADDL 3 was established as an imperative component of a disease surveillance system and in the over-all design of an animal health program in the region. It is located at the Old BAI compound, City of San Fernando, Pampanga, it is in the heart of a very robust livestock industry engaged in poultry, swine, cattle, carabao and small ruminant production. At the same time it is part and partner in the control of zoonotic diseases like rabies.
It is envisioned to increased economic activities in nearby ports and airport at Subic Bay Economic Zone and Clark Economic Zone, the laboratory will also play a very significant role in the prevention and control of animal diseases that may accompany the influx of people passing through these point of entry with proper disease diagnosis. It will also serve as an adjunct laboratory for quality control of meat and meat products and surveillance of imported animals that passed through these various entry points.